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Friday, August 10, 2018

Energous Raising $75 Million

In addition to their standard 10-QEnergous submitted a Form S-3 today, indicating that they are looking to sell up to $75 million of equity in the company, coming barely 6 months after their earlier $40 million raise (from a 2015 S-3 and then an amendment in January 2018). With $37m in the bank as of last month, and a burn rate of near $13m a quarter and statements they will increase R&D spend, I had guessed they'd be raising soon but thought it might be nearer the end of the year. It seems they think now's the right time, perhaps before negative press catches up with them and sours the public. They do not have to raise all this at once, it can be done over time, but given they've set the price at $14.05 I expect much will be done soon.

This likely gives the company another 5 to 6 quarters of operation, which in conjunction with cash in the bank will keep them going until mid 2020. Given that around $4m of equity based compensation goes to the team per quarter, that's another $32m or so of extra cash in their pockets.

Interestingly this comes just after I heard reports of the CFO presenting at Oppenheimer, and apparently he was awful - weak, unenthusiastic, and got ripped to pieces by multiple tough questions after his talk. At least Rizzone is enthusiastic about what he's doing!

A few days ago the company indicated it had revenues of $200,000 per quarter and its major product release was still 18 months out. The 10-Q shows they have debts of just short of $200m to get to this point. Hardly compelling for a company with a $350m market cap.

Last time Raymond James acted as distibutor and made $1,000,000 from the sale (2.5%). Who's making the money this time around? The gravy train keeps rolling for at least another two years...


Wednesday, August 1, 2018

Energous Finally Questioned On Continuous Delays and Poor Performance on Earnings Call


You have no revenues and it’s been quarter-after-quarter and you're not doing any business, so why don’t you just come out and say it’s not working?


Every quarter Energous does their earnings call as publicly traded companies do. And every quarter they talk about the great future, and Wireless Power 2.0 (now at Phase 3.0!), and how next year is the breakout year, and the great game changing product is only 18 months away, perpetually. And after that, the four analysts that are selected each ask a rather boring question, ignoring things like low revenues, excessive executive compensation, departing founders, and missed product deadlines which the CEO gives a bland answer to, and we thank everyone and end the call.

But not this time.

Before we get to that, just a few highlights from the call - you can read the full thing here on Seeking Alpha, or listen to it here, start at 42m 00s for the interesting part.

  • They claim the long range transmitter will be out H1 2020. Time to carrot - 18 months. Again.
  • They claim a product release - near field charging for hearing aids. It'll be out in 90 days. Promise. Will they beat the Myant release...
  • Revenue is up from $25,000 last quarter to $206,000. That's split between services and royalties, they declined to give the split when questioned, so my guess $200k and $6k respectively. If it was big royalties they'd say. This is a company with a $350m market cap.
  • Expenses $12.5m per quarter (61x revenue), with $37.1m in the bank - fundraise needed by Q1 2019
  • Working to get regulatory approval with their Tier One partner in South Korea (Samsung?)
  • Admits their first generation product failed for every single Tier One customer, and this has left a "bad taste in the number of our customer's mouth" (was referencing inductive charging such as Qi, although I think they will be even less enthused about Energous...)

It was the usual ridiculous call, with the CEO and CFO putting lipstick on a pig and everyone else pretending it's a supermodel. Then we get the question from Matthew Winthrop of Aegis Capital Corp.

Matthew Winthrop (Caller) I’m curious on the hearing-aid business because my father was an audiologist and he tells me that you need to keep your hearing aid next to you in a very closed environment that doesn't get any dust or particles. So, I don't understand why you would need a wireless charge system when you have two plug it in right next to your bed? I’m confused.

Steve Rizzone (Energous CEO) Well, perhaps I can help you. Since your father has had experience with the hearing-aid, I am sure you’ve also seen him go through the process of changing these batteries. He has probably dropped one on the floor on more than one occasion.

Now I'm sure at this point the CEO felt he'd given his usual placating answer and it would be time to move on, but Winthrop wasn't having any of it.

Matthew Winthrop ... So, I don't understand, you came out here, got everyone into this, and told us we were going to charge cell phones and Teslas, and now you're telling we're going to do hearing-aids, sorry I know you are the CEO, but you got the whole world watching. You did a couple of hundred thousand of revenue, you have been putting this of quarter-after-quarter, how can you look at people in the eye and say, we're going to be huge, you’re not. You are just coming up and dancing with new products. Show me something, one company, one contract, something I can hang my hat on. I just don't understand what you’re doing.

Steve Rizzone Well, I respect your comments, but you’re wrong. And I think that the way you’re approaching this is incorrect also. I think you need to keep in mind the scope of what we’re looking to do. We are actively…

Unimpressed with this attempt to dodge and run out the clock, Winthrop interrupts Rizzone:

Matthew Winthrop (Exasperated) You have no revenues and it’s been quarter-after-quarter and you're not doing any business, so why don’t you just come out and say it’s not working?

Rizzone then gives a lengthy non-answer answer (he talks about a very clear, undeniable fact, but never says what it is...), talking over the top of Winthrop, claims they have not lied or been misleading - always a good sign when the CEO has to deny they're a fraud on a public earnings call -  and the call is ended.

So, finally, someone 'respectable' is pointing out that the emperor has no clothes, that they've been claiming monster specs and delivering little, that it's a constant push out, and that the revenues don't match the expenses. Importantly they are doing it on an earnings call, a matter of record now.

A questioner on their earnings call tells them to just give him something solid, or admit that it doesn't work as claimed, and they couldn't give that solid response. A dissembling, rambling, politician reply.

Finally. Let's see if it's the start of something. It will be interesting to watch any impact on the share price tomorrow.

Update Aug 2nd - It had a pretty significant effect on the share price, in the first few hours it's down ~20%

Monday, July 30, 2018

More Clarity from New Energous FOIA Documents

One of the pleasures of writing this blog is in the communications with engineers and scientists who are experts in their respective fields, and I get to learn from private email discussions, or have a great sounding board to bounce theories back and forth with. Following my recent posts on the Energous FOIA documents, one contributing reader let me know they had also directly requested those documents on Energous, and received a batch of redacted emails that had some new ones not in the collection that had been previously available, which led to some interesting exchanges - so thank you for that.

These documents cover an earlier time period from December 2014 to March 2017, with at least one of the email threads having a full year gap in the middle. Those of you who would like to see the new documents in full, email me and I'll send them, or you can contact the FCC yourself and say "I ask for the responsive records for FOIA 2018-000342", and start with the FCC FOIA page here.

There are no stunning technical revelations in here, but there are some key points from earlier that seem to be confirmed. For those who don't want to read the details, the main takeaways are that:
  • Switch from 5.75 GHz to 915 MHz seems to have happened late summer 2016
  • The "local" RF power issue to get Part 18 seems to be resolved in Oct/Nov 2016
  • Reduction of power at receiver to well below 1 Watt seems to happen at end of 2016
  • Explicit admission of single device charging occurs in early 2017

These four items combined are likely to have a significant impact on the practicality of the device - huge "pockets" of energy and poor steering, highly limited operating range, delivered power below useful levels for most devices, and only one device at any time. The entire system was on shaky ground to begin with, IMO, and these changes made what I would consider a terrible product far, far worse. In future posts I may compare the dates of these changes, that have quite an impact, with statements from Energous at the time. A publicly traded company must be very careful in what it tells the public.

"Throw it at the wall and see what sticks"
I guessed that Energous were just refiling applications again and again, each time making what minimal changes they thought might get them through, and relying on the FCC to guide them in changes, or perhaps simply to give up and so win through attrition. These documents seem to reinforce that with five face-to-face meetings between June 2016 and March 2017, and nine OET Submissions between August 2016 and March 2017. If we look at the times they submitted, there are some key changes at various dates. Unlike most situations where a company has a product that has to meet minimum specs to satisfy customer demand, it's obvious that there is no aspect of the design that will not be sacrificed in order to get Part 18 approval, no matter how pointless the resulting 'product' is. I list the physical meetings and OET submissions at the base of this article. Key changes are:
  • 5.75 GHz to 915 MHz change occurred between June 23rd 2016 (experimental licence) and October 17th 2016 (Document 59)
  • Part 18 "Unlimited Power" appears to have been resolved between October 17th 2016 (Doc 59) and November 8th 2016 (Doc 58), possibly at the October 26th face-to-face meeting. "Local" and "unconstrained" RF energy issues do not arise anymore. Note this does not resolve safety issues, such as SAR
  • Two Receivers Down to One happens between August 23rd 2016 (Doc 61) and December 12th 2016 (Doc 56). No reason given, perhaps complex SAR measurements
  • Drop Below 1 Watt Charging Claim happens between August 23rd 2016 (Doc 61) and (likely) December 12th 2016 (Doc 56) or (definitively) March 28th 2017 (Doc 5)
  • Change from 10 Antenna to 12 happens between December 12th 2016 (Doc 56) and February 26th 2017 (Doc 1)
  • Change from Sound Bar to Angled Sound Bar happens between December 12th 2016 (Doc 56) and February 26th 2017 (Doc 1). May just be a description change, but coincides with # of antenna change. Energous still demonstrating 'abandoned' straight bar as of January and June 2017.
  • Change to Charging a Single Device is in February 26th 2017 (Doc 1), although it was obvious even in earlier submissions this was likely. May be a move to "time sharing" charging multiple devices, reducing already low charge rate to each

No significant changes seem to have occurred between March 2017 and approval in December 2017, which surprised me as the system and performance were so basic that I thought they had to have rushed it, but it seems they had most of a year.

Given the above, it doesn't appear that the change to 915 MHz, at least by itself, fixed the Part 18 issues as that change had occurred by October 17th 2016, while Part 18 questions were still being asked. It could be that the change occurred and it just took time to get that accepted as sufficient for Part 18, or it could also mean that they still had not satisfied SAR safety and did not start lowering the power output until December 2016/March 2017. This also means that Energous knew the mid-range transmitter would be incompatible with the higher frequency mini-WattUp, or have 1 Watt charging, while promoting licencing deals with the likes of Myant. I wonder if Myant knew?

The most important change that allowed for Part 18 approval seems confirmed now to be the requirement for "local" RF energy, and that such energy is never "uncontained". I've suggested this may restrict any such system from working in the far field (which for an array this size is around 1 meter at 915 MHz), but may also be restricting the system from working in the near field where there are multiple "pockets of energy". This would then be a second need for the safety cutoff system that prevents SAR limits being exceeded. If this is the case, even without SAR limits the system would be constrained to the 50 cm to 1 m range it currently is, and makes questionable the claims of Energous' CEO that power limits could be raised by extending this keep-out zone.

This gives a possible explanation as to why 5.75 GHz was not used (beyond the simple FCC statement of "no destroying WiFi"), as the far-field boundary moves much further out and the "pocket" of energy gets smaller in theory - that any close in operation that would be needed would be in the near field with many maxima and minima, with potential for further maxima beyond the charging location. Either that or such a system would require too many antenna and electronics too precise for Energous to want/be able to build. There's still not enough information to resolve this question, but more pieces are beginning to fall into place.

If that's the case, it doesn't bode too well for Ossia, who recently claimed a shift to 5.8 GHz. While they have a 2D array and can probably dynamically alter the transmit aperture, say to a 30x30 cm square for a 1 meter far field. There would be a pretty reasonable number of elements in that, assuming 1/3 wavelength pitch (around 17 by 17, or ~300). Quite how they overcome the SAR and safety issue and still get reasonable energy out, I'm not sure - I still only see this working for IoT devices at exceptionally low power. Searching on the FCC website though, I can't find grantee code for Ossia - it's as if they've never interacted with the FCC on product regulation at all. Does anyone know what their FCC grantee code is?

So the outcome of this is more clarity that Energous were simply doing whatever it takes to get Part 18 approval, even if it were a product that failed to meet their original claims, and some visibility into the methods they used to slowly reduce capability, or wear down the FCC, until it was finally allowed. The "local" RF energy question seems to have been answered by placing severe restrictions on the usable range, while safety was met by reducing power again and again, retesting until it finally passed. Little by little, we're learning more about how this process was playing out in the background. I'm looking forward to the next set of revelations to narrow down what's really going on.

Oh, and Energous earnings tomorrow - odds on this ~$400m market cap company earning more than $25,000 this quarter? (My mistake, earnings at the end of Wednesday, not Tuesday!)

(Repeating the seemingly obligatory statement - I have no financial position, short or long, in Energous or any related company)


Below is a simply a summary of meetings and submissions to the FCC by Energous on their mid-range device. This is not intended, or likely, to be complete, just what is known at this time. I'll update with other information later.

Physical Meetings
  • 8/9th June 2016 (experimental licence application)
  • 27th July 2016 (Doc 61)
  • 26th October 2016 (Doc 55)
  • 6th December 2016 (Doc 54)
  • 28th Feb 2017 (Doc 3)

Office Engineering and Technology (OET) Response Submissions
  • 23rd August 2016 (Doc 61) - Still not clear that Part 18 is achievable, and claims a second receiver at 1 Watt. To get Part 18, repeatedly references "local" RF energy. Two receivers listed, one at 100 mW, one at 1 Watt - last mention of two receivers or 1 Watt. Power reported as "Number Receivers Supported: Rx-1: 100mW, Rx-2: 1W", No indication if these two receivers were on the same device, or could be separate, I expect a single device. Lists a sensor needed for SAR compliance.
  • 17th October 2016 (Doc 59) - Earliest mention of the 913 MHz band in available documents. Ongoing discussion of viability of Part 18 with it clearly critical that energy be assured to be "local" and can never be "uncontained". Also see page 2
  • 8th November 2016 (Doc 58) - All Part 18 discussion is dropped following Oct 26th meeting. It is never raised again in future documents. Part 18 "local" and "unconstrained" issues solved?
  • 30th November 2016 (Doc 55, Page 4) refers to an OET Response on this date but not available
  • 10th December 2016 (Doc 57) refers to meeting of Oct 26 and not Dec 6. Appears Energous want OET to develop new safety criteria for them. Jeff McNeil of Energous adds "Regulatory" to his SVP Ops title.
  • 12th December 2016 (Doc 56) refers to Dec 6th meeting. FCC requests clarity on which of the many designs will be submitted. Table 1 lists 10 antenna and "Target Platforms: Sound bar for desktop usage". Power now reported as "Cumulative Receive Power at 30 cm and 1m: [Redacted]". Use case claims "charging multiple devices", but admits to one device at a time.
  • 18th December 2016 (Doc 55) FCC request a different method of calculating SAR and measure individual antenna
  • 26th February 2017 (Doc 1) Table 1 lists 12 antenna and "Target Platforms: Angled Sound Bar for desktop usage". If an actual change, a limit on phase array capability to focus? Number of antenna and description change. Use case now admits "charging single device"
  • 28th March 2017 (Doc 5) - FCC still asking for single clear submission

Experimental Licence Application
  • To demonstrate the technology to FCC, a 15 day experimental licence was applied for , starting June 8th 2016 for 15 days. Application is here. The details of this can be found at the FCC site here, and clearly show still operating at 5.8 GHz, with 20.4 Watts output (55.6 W ERP). Energous' next such application was for 6 days, between 6th and 12th January this year for  CES, which listed the 913 MHz band with 30 W ERP. 

Thursday, July 19, 2018

Energous FCC FOIA Docs

I had a chance to go through the FCC/Energous FOIA documents mentioned in my last blog post. They span a period from around February to December 2017 when Energous were trying to get their mid-range transmitter approved under Part 18 (unlimited power) rules. Most of them have the really useful information redacted, and are Energous bugging the FCC to "please can we visit so we can move this on quickly" and the FCC engineers saying "errr, sorry out of town that day" like an ex-girlfriend trying to avoid an annoying and slightly psycho ex. One of them was super interesting with lots of info in it though, which reveals a lot of the history of the system.

The data shown seems to be for the system as they were trying to push through in early 2017, with 21 W out, but to ensure they hit the SAR safety limit by December had to dial it back to 10 Watts out. This ties with the December device power at 90 cm being 30 mW, while in March it was 60 mW at 1 meter. They pushed the size of the safety cutoff zone up to 50 cm from around 35 cm, possibly changing the focal point along the way (just eyeballing the structure it looks to have changed between March and December). 

The main FCC concerns seemed to be safety via the SAR limit, as well as ensuring that energy was in "pockets of concentration" (Doc 18). There's a significant discussion on corrective factors applied as safety margins, and basically they have to scale all measured results by ~1.5 and still be under the 1.6W/kg limit (Doc 30). This means, as I suspected, that Energous cannot raise the power output of their system from where they are today (0.966 W/kg) - what they have now is as powerful as it gets.

My read of this - Energous just kept resubmitting and resubmitting, each time with the FCC telling them to go away and what to do next, and eventually they dialed everything back to the point where they got it through under the SAR limit. An undercurrent in the notes is sloppy work by Energous, with the FCC constantly having to ask for clarifications, updates, or actually doing calculations for them! (Doc 30) 

I don't see any evidence of pressure on the staff to push the device through, more exasperation on their part with second rate engineers just throwing stuff at the wall hoping it would eventually stick.

The rest of this analysis is a little dry for those not interested in the details, just warning you.

There's a few things though that stand out as important, beyond what I listed earlier. First of all, they had moved to 915 MHz from 5.8 GHz by February 2017. Document 1 indicates that the February submission is a second clarification or change in response to a meeting they had with the FCC in October 2016. I could speculate that a 5 or 6 month response time indicates that some significant changes had been made, as new measurements or clarifications could be made quickly. This may be the timeframe in which the frequency switch was made. This IMO is a significant change with implications for performance of the system, yet was never mentioned in SEC calls or quarterly reports.

The work presented by Energous also appears to be sloppy, with the FCC multiple times noting how poor the data consistency and quality is (Doc 9 "trying to understand field distribution", Doc 41 requesting "proper and consistent information", Doc 48 "We understand that it was prepared quickly, but we suggest paying attention to some details.").  Their two tables don't match, for example the received power listed below when converted from dBm in Table 2 are 512 mW and 47 mW (27.1 and 16.7 dBm) for 30 cm and 1 meter respectively, but in Table 1 (previous post) are 190 mW and 60 mW (22.8 and 17.7 dBm).


Basically, the numbers don't add up. I expect the numbers here are for an earlier system that was very tightly focused to try and maximize power at a single point to get to ~500 mW to charge a phone, but ended up going way over SAR. There may be some other reason, one being estimated and one measured, but I'm tending to the "sloppy" for now.

Document 32 shows the "keep out" zone changed around November 2017, increasing it to 50 cm. This may also be when the physical structure of the power bar was changed, or may simply be that they were forced to update their SAR measurements and this was required.

Document 18 references the need not only to be concerned with safety and states that data "should also show that the energy distribution through field maps demonstrate that there are pockets of concentration". This indicates that the safety restriction was not only a single SAR number, but the physical distribution of the energy. 

Figure 11 above shows a typical on axis beam, with a peak at one point showing the transition from near to far field, and then a gradual but continuous reduction with distance. If we assume a "pocket" of energy implies a region where there is a lower value of energy both before and after the charge location, then that would restrict the use of the system to just beyond near field only. Even with a phased array, where that transition zone is, it's a function of frequency and physical size of the transmitter. For any practical size transmitter, (equations here) it's basically likely to never be viable beyond 1 meter. If this is the case, that's a huge limitation for any at-distance wireless power system unless they make the transmitter the size of a wall.

Also, that peak in Figure 11 is at 42cm, but they say a focus at 65cm. They might want to take a look at their work there...


The size of a region of constructive interference, a focus, is often defined by the half power, or -3dB points. Looking at Figures 11 and 13, it seems that region is about 60 cm in the x- and z-axes, but only 15cm or so in the y-axis. Some "pocket"!

The "safety system" that detects if anyone is in range of the device and shuts it off (supposedly) is ultrasonic, using TI PGA450 chips and my best guess would be Murata ultrasound transmitters (sound familiar?), used in car parking sensors. I'd be very interested to see how this is setup, because as someone who has worked with them before and ultrasound a lot, I think that system might be easy to fool if you don't design it very carefully.

So overall this data is interesting, nothing too amazing, but confirms what was suspected - that this system is at the limit of what it can transmit safely, that it doesn't have enough power to charge a phone in any realistic way, that efficiency is low, and that FCC staff weren't too impressed with Energous' consistency and quality of work. But it does prove that persistence pays off.

(Seemingly obligatory statement - I have no financial position, short or long, in Energous or any related company)

Energous: It's Worse Than We Thought

A contributor to SeekingAlpha has recently posted an article highlighting data from an FOIA request to the FCC regarding Energous' approval for their mid-range transmitter last December. They appear to show concern from the FCC officials as to how the system was performing, and understanding the system behavior. There's also discussion regarding the safety limits, which I think are one of the key issues and concerns surrounding this approval, and covered them in several posts. The author has provided the FOIA documents for download here.

For some background, I wrote several posts on the FCC approval in December last year, you can find them starting here.

Interestingly, earlier this year I did a FOIA request for all of FCC Chairman Ajit Pai's communications regarding Energous (along with several other keywords) and was told there was nothing. Given Ajit Pai's (IMO clearly illegal) use of the official FCC communications to promote a private company, I suspect there are documents there, just not available. I may revisit that.

One of the key images that has been redacted from the FCC report, but is floating around from another source, shows the actual specifications for their desktop system.


There are some key points in here:
  • The system works for only 1 receiver at a time
  • Output is from 12 antenna, each antenna is 1.8W (32.5 dBm) - 21.6 Watts total output
  • Receive power at 30cm is 190 mW, at 1m is 60mW
  • Max range 1 meter
  • Receiver is 6.5 cm in diameter
  • No mention of safety limit distance
There is no clear detail is that received power is actual RF power at target, or power to battery at target - I suspect the former. This is a higher output power than the system shown in FCC documents in the Part 18 Approval (21.6W vs 10W), and the receive power slightly lower - I was estimating 100 to 150 mW at 50 cm, some were estimating higher. That implies a "Wall to Battery" efficiency of 0.2% at 30cm and 0.06% at 1 meter, assuming 90 Watts in at the wall socket (thanks to a reader for pointing out my initial mistake here). That would mean a phone would take over a day to charge at 30 centimeters, and nearly 4 days at 1 meter - and that's assuming 100% efficiency on receive, and I also suspect those numbers are ideal and real world will be worse. You might say it's more appropriate for IoT or small item charging, however the receiver, at 6.5cm diameter, is wider than my phone. I expect it's multiple dipole antenna and they need it that size to get even that terrible efficiency. I can see why Myant didn't want this receiver in their underwear.

So charge times are obscenely long, it's incredibly inefficient, only one target receiver at a time, the receiver is larger than a phone, and it needs a safety cutoff if you get too close. Did I miss anything? 

Apple must be chomping at the bit to get hold of this technology...

I'll dig into the released documents in more detail later, but at first glance it doesn't quite match with prior statements from the Energous CEO as to system capabilities.

"Here is a brief summary of the results of the amount of actual power delivered to a device at varying distances with a single WattUp transmitter. Power received at zero to five feet measured 5.55 watts compared to our targeted performance of 4 watts. Power received at five to 10 feet measured 3.74 watts compared to our targeted performance of 2 watts and power received at 10 to 15 feet measured 1.06 watts compared to our targeted performance of 1 watt."

5.5 Watts vs an actual 0.19W - only a factor of around 29. Remember that when viewing the statements from at-distance wireless power companies as to their performance specs, compared to what they have to write in the legally required documents and spec sheets.

There's an update to this post, reading the releases in more detail, here.

(Since I always seem to need say this - I have no financial position, short or long, in Energous or any related company)

Thursday, June 21, 2018

Delusional Investors: Theranos Edition Part II

A couple of days ago I posted some videos of well known VC and early Theranos investor Tim Draper defending Elizabeth Holmes and calling SEC involvement "government interference" and saying that journalists were responsible for the downfall of the company, not fraud. Apparently it's a route to vast riches for a journalist, and so they can't be trusted, unlike the purely altruistic VC.

It's amazing how when talking about fraud in large organizations it's always the person who has least to gain financially that has their motives questioned, usually by those with most to gain. In part it's to cast doubt onto the messenger, but also the accusers simply can't understand any motivation other than financial for revealing wrongdoing.

Draper's now doubled down on his doubling down and even after federal indictments drop, he's saying the same. Watch the video. I really don't know what to say.

Sunday, June 17, 2018

Embarrassed and Disgusted

Don't like politics? Or swearing? Don't read this, the usual Theranos/tech stuff is here.


Being both British and American, I've joked for the last two years that I am embarrassed by my government on both sides of the Atlantic, but it's not really a joke. I'm truly embarrassed, and disgusted by them both. I thought Britain was out in front with the self-harm of Brexit, and then shot into the lead with the Windrush scandal. For the Americans here who don't know, that's when the "hostile environment" policies of the Home Office, primarily to appeal to the racism of a segment of the British electorate, resulted in British citizens being deported to countries they had either never been to, or not been in for most of a century, because they couldn't find ridiculous amounts of paperwork for every year of their life from 1973 on (the same Home Office had destroyed the relevant govt records a few years prior, so sad). But this week the US takes the lead with a deliberate policy to separate children from parents at the border, even when claiming asylum. The administration seems torn on whether to gleefully claim it such as with Miller, "God says to do it" from AG Sessions, or pretend and deny that it's even happening like Sec Nielsen. Whatever, it's clearly part of a policy to appear tough, traumatize kids, "trigger the libs", rile up the base with xenophobia, use children as bargaining chips to get a pointless wall paid for, and keep America from becoming less white.

Democrats can apparently end this if they just will bow to Trump's demands. We're literally at the "I didn't want to hit the kids. But you made me hit the kids because you didn't do as I said." stage of this administration.

Oh but wait a minute, Obama did something like it too, didn't he? That significant change in policy was years ago, not last month? Ah, well in that case it's all OK, isn't it? No it's not, and if you want to defend this type of policy with what-aboutism then fuck you. Trump seems determined to destroy anything Obama did, from the PPACA, through the Iran deal, to the Paris Climate Accords, but apparently on this there is just nothing to be done.

It doesn't matter if anyone did it before, it's happening now. It's not a requirement of law, but a choice of the administration to enforce in this manner. It could be ended immediately, but it isn't going to be, because this brutality is the goal, the purpose of this action. We're separating families and then brutalizing the kids, and sometimes deporting the parents without the kids. Kids upset and want to hug their sibling? No, not allowed. Tell kids their parents are dead? Tell parents their kids are lost? And conditions so bad there are reports of suicide? It's disgusting.

I've been lectured multiple times by Republicans these last two years that people have a "values matrix" and I don't understand that they value things differently (and the clear subtext always is "better"). First of all, is that a talking point somewhere because I've had a ton of folk hit me with that? Second, so your values are destruction of families, degradation of the national discourse, removal of healthcare benefits for most, support for dictatorial regimes, alienation of allies, destruction of the western alliance, and child marriage, or are they all worth it for a tax cut for the rich and a few judges? You know you can call yourself a Republican and not support Trump or this type of policy, right?

Democrats like me are just sore losers, don't understand what real Americans are. Except I'm not a Democrat, there seems to be a thinking in the US you can only me a member of one of two tribes. And I am an American, same as any whether it's from a big coastal city, or slap bang in the middle. Every American is a real American.

Don't like what I'm saying? Report me to ICE. They're the new force to intimidate if you don't like what someone is saying. Want to travel on a bus? Better be a US citizen (and white, let's be honest that will help a lot there). And it seems they're up for deporting green card holders who've been in the country for 50 years, and are now coming to take citizenship from naturalized US citizens who have filled their forms out incorrectly. What, they won't ever abuse that type of power and I'm overreacting? I'll point you to the above Windrush issue where that's what happened, and people born in the UK who had never left the country were getting deportation letters (even when they are white!). Trust a bureaucracy to deal with that correctly? On a zero tolerance, potentially life-or-death process? Have any of you ever been to a DMV? 

And why does the news just keep showing boys in these detention centers? Where are the girls and the babies? You know, the 'valuable' ones. If I start hearing that some lovely white Christian families are selflessly adopting the cutest of these kids to 'help', and sadly the parents get deported without them, then that's truly some Handmaid's Tale shit right there.

And for the selfish among you who still don't care, you do realize that eventually they'll come for you too? That to protect yourself, protect the weakest among us. Those without voices, those easily targeted, those that the powerful would demonize. If a society looks after the weakest, everyone is protected.

When I became a US Citizen, I was aware of the darker side of our past, but still believed in the ideals of the nation. To become a more perfect union. This is not the country I became a citizen of.

Everyone proud of their country today?